What is pretexting in computer security?
Pretexting is form of social engineering in which an attacker tries to convince a victim to give up valuable information or access to a service or system.
The distinguishing feature of this kind of attack is that the scam artists comes up with a story — or pretext — in order to fool the victim..
What are common phishing attacks?
Deceptive phishing is by far the most common type of phishing attack in which scammers attempt to replicate a legitimate company’s email correspondence and prompt victims into handing over information or credentials. Often, they are creating a sense of urgency to make people act quickly and without checking.
Why is pretexting used?
Pretexting attacks are commonly used to gain both sensitive and non-sensitive information. … A solid pretext is an essential part of building trust. If your alias, story, or identity has holes or lacks credibility or even the perception of credibility the target will most likely catch on.
What are vishing attacks?
Vishing Definition Vishing is a type of social engineering. … Vishing attacks use a spoofed caller ID, which can make the attack look like it comes from either a known number or perhaps an 800-number that might cause the employee to pick up the phone. Vishing often uses VoIP technology to make the calls.
What are examples of phishing?
Phishing Example: URGENT REQUEST (Email Impersonation) These are targeted and simple forms of phishing emails designed to get victims to purchase gift cards, or to give up personal email or phone numbers. The “email compromise” gets its name because the attacker mimics the email of a known sender.
How do people get phished?
Phishing is a cyber attack that uses disguised email as a weapon. The goal is to trick the email recipient into believing that the message is something they want or need — a request from their bank, for instance, or a note from someone in their company — and to click a link or download an attachment.
What to do when you’ve been phished?
7 Steps to Take Now if You’re the Victim of a Phishing SchemeTAKE A DEEP BREATH. … CHANGE YOUR PASSWORDS. … CONTACT THE ORGANIZATION THAT WAS SPOOFED. … SCAN YOUR COMPUTER FOR VIRUSES. … WATCH OUT FOR WARNING SIGNS OF IDENTITY THEFT. … FILE A REPORT WITH THE FTC. … PROTECT YOURSELF AGAINST FUTURE PHISHING SCHEMES.
What is an example of pretexting?
The most common example of a pretexting attack is when someone calls an employee and pretends to be someone in power, such as the CEO or on the information technology team. The attacker convinces the victim that the scenario is true and collects information that is sought.
What is pretexting person?
Pretexting is a form of social engineering in which an individual lies to obtain privileged data. A pretext is a false motive. Pretexting often involves a scam where the liar pretends to need information in order to confirm the identity of the person he is talking to.